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Islam

Step 11: Praising God.

Principle: Spirituality

Prayer is called 5 times daily and devout Muslims stop and pray at these times. The prayer leader (muezzin) chants the Call to Prayer (see following) in Arabic. Muslims pray to express their faithfulness to God and to remind themselves of their devotion to Him and to His way of life. Prayer is a commitment of faith, it removes evil, and prepares one for final rewards in Heaven.

Call to Prayer:
God is most great- four times -(Allahu akhar)
I testify that there is no god but God - twice - (Ashhadu an la ilaha illa Allah)
I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of God - twice-
(Ashadu anna Muhammadan rasul Allah)

Hurry to prayer - twice - (Hayya 'ala al-saat)
God is most great - twice - (Allahu akhar)
I testify that there is no god but God - - (La Ilaha illa Allah)

Prayer times:

  • Dawn (Salat at Fajr)
  • Noon (Salat at Zuhr)
  • Afternoon (Salat at Asr)
  • After sunset (Salat at Maghrib)
  • Late evening (Salat at Isha)

Text or Verse

So extol God
when the evening comes and the day dawns,
For His is the praise in the heavens and the earth
and at nightfall and the time of noon.
He brings the living from the dead,
the dead from the living.
and quickens the earth after it had died.
so will you be brought forth (from the dead).
The Qur'an 30:17-19

Practice

Many a time we have seen you (Muhammad) turn your face towards heaven. We will make you turn towards a quiblah (direction) that will please you. Turn your face towards the Holy Mosque; wherever you (the faithful) be, turn your faces towards it.

Repeated Invocation of God's Name (Dhikr)

Al-Qabid (The Constricor)
Al- Khafid (The Abaser)
Al-Hadi (The Guide)
Al-Muntaqim (The Avenger)
Al-Mumit (The Creator of Death)
Al-Mujib (The Responsive)
Al-Wakil (the Trustee)
Al-Muhsi (The Reckoner)
Al-Awwal (The First)
Al-Khaliq (The Creator)
Al-Basit (The Expander)
Al-'Afuw (The Pardoner)
Al-Wadud (The Loving)
Al-Ghafur (The All-forgiving)
Al-Muhyi (The Giver of Life)
Al-Akhir (The Last)
Al-Batin (The Hidden)
Al-Bari' (The Evolver)
Az-Zahir (The Manifest)
Ar-Rahman (The Beneficient)
Ar-Rafi' (The Exalter)
As-Sabur (The Patient)
As-Samad (The Eternal)
Ar-Rahim (The Merciful)

Resources

IMAN, Iranian Muslim Organization of North America (go to Links menu to connect to the web site)

IMAAM Indonesian Muslim Association in America (go to Links menu to connect to the web site)

Islamic Center of America (go to Links menu to connect to the web site)

Islamic Foundation (go to Links menu to connect to the web site)

Nation of Islam Study Center (go to Links menu to connect to the web site)

Qur'an (to order) - Islamic Discovery (go to Links menu to connect to the web site)

U.S. Organization of Islam (go to Links menu to connect to the web site)

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